Laughing gas has growing impact on ozone layer

| 28th August 2009
Emissions and their impact on the ozone layer
Emissions of nitrous oxide are set to increase over the next century
Researchers warn nitrous oxide emissions must be curbed to enable the reversal of the large ozone hole over Antarctica
 

Nitrous oxide - better know as laughing gas - is now the 'biggest human-caused ozone-depleting emission', according to US researchers.

The use of and emissions from CFCs or chloroflurocarbons - another ozone depleting group of gases - have been curbed since the Montreal Treaty was signed in 1987.

But nitrous oxide emissions are not regulated by any international treaty.

Writing in the journal Science, researchers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) say that unless it is regulated, the emissions pose a threat to the successful reversal of the large ozone hole over Antarctica.

Unlike CFCs, nitrous oxide has both natural and anthropogenic sources. Human emissions are a byproduct of agricultural fertiliser use, fossil fuel combustion, industrial processes, and even the combustion of renewable energy sources such as biomass and biofuel.

As well as regulation, US researchers suggest solutions including the more efficient use of fertiliser on cropland and the capture of nitrous oxide produced as a byproduct in chemical processes.

Useful links
NOAA

See also
Rising ozone levels could stunt plant growth

More from this author

Donate

The Ecologist has a formidable reputation built on fifty years of investigative journalism and compelling commentary from writers across the world. Now, as we face the compound crises of climate breakdown, biodiversity collapse and social injustice, the need for rigorous, trusted and ethical journalism has never been greater. This is the moment to consolidate, connect and rise to meet the challenges of our changing world. The Ecologist is owned and published by the Resurgence Trust. Support The Resurgence Trust from as little as £1. Thank you. Donate here