Malaysian firm Top Glove, the world’s largest glovemaker, has vowed to clean up its labour supply chain and workplace practices after cases were uncovered of migrants toiling for long hours to pay off huge debts.
The firm, a major supplier of medical and rubber gloves to 195 countries including Britain and the United States, employs more than 11,000 migrant workers, from countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and India.
At some of its factories outside the Malaysian capital, workers told the Thomson Reuters Foundation that they often work long hours to earn overtime pay, and in some cases exceed the limit of overtime hours stipulated under local labour laws.
Workers interviewed said they hoped to quickly repay loans of at least 5,000 Malaysian ringgit ($1,200) they took out to pay recruitment agents in their home countries. They said others were charged up to 20,000 Malaysian ringgit.
Top Glove is not alone in hiring migrants who pay agents to secure a job. The practice is common across all Malaysian sectors which hire workers from overseas.
Top Glove said it was not aware of its labour suppliers charging exorbitant fees to migrant workers but vowed to investigate and severe ties with unethical recruitment agents.
Lee Kim Meow, the company's managing director, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation: “We will want to stop dealing with such suppliers if we know they are very unscrupulous. It’s our duty to do that, we will never condone it.
“We need workers, no doubt, but we will not stoop so low to support people who exploit workers.” He was speaking in an interview at the company’s office in Klang, an industrial area outside the capital Kuala Lumpur.
High recruitment fees are a common plight faced by the nearly two million registered migrant workers in Malaysia, which relies heavily on foreign labour in industries from plantations and construction to manufacturing.
The United Nations’ International Labour Organization has said these debts could trap workers in bondage, and businesses have come under pressure in recent years to clean up their labour supply chains.
Migrant workers at Top Glove said they were paid at least 1,000 Malaysian ringgit a month, Malaysia’s minimum wage, and given access to their passport under a locker system that had been advocated by local rights groups.
But they work a lot of overtime to earn enough to pay off their debts. Workers at the factory clock 90 to 120 hours of overtime work a month, according to documents seen by the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Under Malaysian laws, workers should be given a rest day each week and work not more than 104 hours of overtime a month.
A Nepali, who declined to use his name out of fear for his job, said: “If I don’t work these extra hours, how could I possibly earn enough?”
He borrowed a $1,100 loan from a moneylender with a three percent interest rate every month to pay his agent in Nepal.
Top Glove said it has rolled out a “shift pattern change” since March across its 40 factories to ensure workers get adequate rest.
Top Glove’s deputy human resources head Loke Kean Mun said: “Definitely this is an area where we will have to pay attention,” and added that the measures are in place to “overcome all this excessive overtime.
“This is where we definitely have to enforce and tighten up (across all factories).”
Malaysia has become the world’s glove capital, and produces three out of every five pairs used in the world, according to the Malaysian Rubber Glove Manufacturers Association.
Top Glove, which produces 60.5 billion gloves each year, is the world’s leading glove manufacturer followed by other Malaysia-based firms like Hartalega, Kossan and Supermax.
Malaysia’s new government, which came to power in May on promises to reform - ousting a long-ruling, corruption-mired coalition - has vowed to improve conditions for migrant workers.
Without referring to any specific firms, Human Resources Minister M. Kulasegaran told the Thomson Reuters Foundation this week that major companies in the country must take the lead to ensure there are no labour abuses.
Kulasegaran, a veteran lawyer who grew up on a rubber estate and has championed worker’s rights prior to his appointment, said: “The big companies must take it upon themselves to be more strict in enforcing these rules. We will prosecute if there are any wrongdoings.”
Beh Lih Yi is is a reporter at the Thomson Reuters Foundation focussing on slavery, human trafficking, gender equality & environment in Asia.@behlihyi.
This article was first published by Thomson Reuters.